Crete is an island of sun, sea and history! Read on for all the information you will need to start you off on an intriguing journey.
It is situated in the eastern Mediterranean Sea and the southern part of the Aegean Sea, (a branch of the Mediterranean Sea). It has the Libyan Sea to the South and the Cretan Sea to the North this means the sea temperature varies from 27 degrees Celsius (summer) to 14 degrees. Because Crete lies between Europe, Africa and Asia, it enjoys a good climate where summer continues for 6 months, the winter only lasts for 2 months and the remaining months are split between Spring and Autumn. It rarely sees snow, although sometimes the White Mountains can get a snowfall during winter but this enhances the appeal of Crete and the mountains look like “picture postcards”. In the summer, the same mountains reflect the sun.
If you are looking for peace and tranquillity you can find it on Crete with its pretty beaches and warm seas, or alternatively, if you are looking for an action packed holiday, you won’t be disappointed as there is so much to see and do. It is the biggest of the Greek Islands, and is the most Southern one, excepting for the tiny island of Gavdos. Its geographical size is 160 miles in length and 35 miles in width. Hence the reason for the warm and mild climate.
Crete is packed with history. It was the home of the Minoan people, a Bronze Age civilisation that developed in Crete from about BC 3000 to 1100. A vast earthquake brought the end of the Minoan civilisation in BC 1450. After this period it fell to the Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Venetians, and Ottoman Turks. Eventually the islanders proclaimed their union with modern Greece in 1908. Museums of today display exhibitions from the Minoan era.
In World War II, Crete played an important part because it was used as a British military and naval base late in 1940. The British and Greek forces on the Greek mainland evacuated to Crete in 1941, but they were quickly overwhelmed by the Germans in a large-scale airborne invasion, the first of its kind. Late in 1944, British ships isolated the German occupation troops, who eventually surrendered.
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